A guided tour ...

Links to:
The Arabian Sea
The Bay of Bengal
The Indonesian throughflow
The equator
The South Equatorial Current
The Aghulas current

The Leeuwin current

Scientific News
Forthcoming events
Recently past events
Recent publications
Press release
EL Niño/Dipole Mode
Climate Change
Data Sets
Remote Sensing
Numerical Models
Coral Reef
International Programs
Scientific Cruises
French Sites
Curriculum Vitae
F.A.Q & Resources
Business & Jobs
References from A to E
References from F to L
References from M to Q
References from R to Z

Search this site!  

Maghanani, V., J. Morrison, L. Xie, and B. Subrahmanyam (2000). Heat Transports in the Indian Ocean using TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry and Model simulations. Submitted for the Indian Ocean Special Issue in Deep_Sea Research.

Mantyla, A.W., Reid, J.L., 1995: On the origins of deep and bottom waters of the Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(C2), 2417-2439.

Marsac F., and J-L Le Blanc, 1997: Inter-annual and ENSO-associated variability of the Indian Ocean coupled ocean atmosphere system with possible impacts on the yellowfin tuna fisheries. ICCAT Symposium-Acores-June 1996.

Martin, David W., Barry B. Hinton, Brian A. Auvine, 1993: Three Years of Rainfall over the Indian Ocean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society: Vol. 74, No. 4, pp. 581–590.

Masumoto, Y., and T. Yamagata, 1991: Response of the western tropical Pacific to the Asian winter monsoon: The generation of the Mindanao Dome, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 21 1386-1398 .

Masumoto, Y., and T. Yamagata, 1996: Seasonnal variations of the Indonesian throughflow in a general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 101, C5, 12 287-12 293.

Masumoto, Y. and G. Meyers, 1998: Forced Rossby waves in the southern tropical Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 103, C12, 27589-27602 .

Matano, R.P., 1996: A numerical study of Agulhas retroflection: the role of bottom topography. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26(10), 2267-2279.

Matano, R. P., C. G. Simionato, P. T. Strub, 1999: Modeling the Wind-Driven Variability of the South Indian Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography: Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 217–230.

Matsuyama, Hiroshi, Kooiti Masuda, 1998: Seasonal/Interannual Variations of Soil Moisture in the Former USSR and Its Relationship to Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall. Journal of Climate: Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 652-658.

McCarthy, M.C., Talley, L.D., Baringer, M.O., 1997: Deep upwelling and diffusivity in the southern Central Indian Basin. Geophysical Research Letters, 24(22), 2801-2804.

McCarthy, J.J., Garside, C., Nevins, J.L., 1999: Nitrogen dynamics during the Arabian Sea Northeast Monsoon. Deep-Sea Research II, 46(8/9), 1623-1664.

McCarthy, M.C., Talley, L.D., 1999: Three-dimensional isoneutral potential vorticity structure in the Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(C6), 13251-13267.

McCreary, J.P., P.K. Kundu and R.L. Molinari, 1993 : A numerical investigation of dynamics, thermodynamics and mixed-layer processes in the Indian Ocean. Prog. in Oceanog. Vol. 31. No. 3, p.181-244.

McCreary, J.P., W. Han, D. Shankar and S.R. Shetye, 1996 : Dynamics of the east India Coastal Current. 2. Numerical solutions. J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 101. No. C6, p. 13 993-14 000.

McCreary Jr., Julian P., Peng Lu, 2001: Influence of the Indonesian Throughflow on the Circulation of Pacific Intermediate Water. Journal of Physical Oceanography: Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 932–942.

McDonagh, E.L., Heywood, K.J., Meredith, M.P., 1999: On the structure, paths, and fluxes associated with Agulhas rings. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(C9), 21007-21020.

McDonald, A.M., 1993: Property fluxes at 30S and their implications for the Pacific-Indian throughflow and the global heat budget. Journal of Geophysical Research, 98(C4), 6851-6868.

McDonald, A.M., Wunsch, C., 1996: Indonesian Throughflow influence on the global general circulation. US WOCE Implementation Report, No.8, 23-25.

Measures, C.I., Vink, S., 1999: Seasonal variations in the distribution of Fe and Al in the surface waters of the Arabian Sea. Deep-Sea Research II, 46(8/9), 1597-1622.

Meehl, G.A , 1987 : The annual cycle and interannual variability in the tropical Pacific and Indian Ocean regions. Month. Weath. Rev. Vol. 115. No. 1, p.27-50.

Meehl, G.A., 1993 : A coupled air-sea mechanism in the tropical Indian Ocean and Pacific regions : role of the ocean. J. of Clim. Vol. 6. No. 1, p.31-41.

Meehl, G.A., 1994 : Coupled land-ocean-atmosphere processes and South Asian Monsoon variability. Science. Vol. 265, p. 263-267. J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 101. No. D10, p. 15 033-15 049.

Meehl, G.A., G.N. Kiladis, K.M. Weickenmann, M. Wheeler, D.S. Gutzler and G.P. Compo, 1996: Modulation of equatorial subseasonal convective episodes by tropical-extratropical interaction in the Indian Ocean and Pacific regions.

Meehl, Gerald A., 1997: The South Asian Monsoon and the Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation. Journal of Climate: Vol. 10, No. 8, pp. 1921-1943.

Meehl, Gerald A., Julie M. Arblaster, 1998: The Asian-Australian Monsoon and El Niño-Southern Oscillation in the NCAR Climate System Model. Journal of Climate: Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 1356-1385.

Mehta, Amita V., Eric A. Smith, 1997: Variability of Radiative Cooling during the Asian Summer Monsoon and Its Influence on Intraseasonal Waves. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences: Vol. 54, No. 8, pp. 941-966.

Mertz, G.J., L.A. Mysak, 1984: Evidence for a 40–60 Day Oscillation over the Western Indian Ocean during 1976 and 1979. Monthly Weather Review: Vol. 112, No. 2, pp. 383–386.

Meredith, M.P., Heywood, K.J., Frew, R.D., Dennis, P.F., 1999: Formation and circulation of the water masses between the southern Indian Ocean and Antarctica: results from delta 18O. Journal of Marine Research, 57(3), 449-470.

Mervis, J., 1996: Indonesian policies stymie global circulation experiment. Science, 271(5245), 23-24.

Metzger, E.J., Hurlburt, H.E., 1996: Coupled dynamics of the South China Sea, the Sulu Sea, and the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101(C5), 12331-12352.

Metzi, N., Louanchi, F., Poisson, A., 1998: Seasonal and interannual variations of sea surface carbon dioxide in the subtropical Indian Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 60(1/2), 131-146.

Meyers, S. D. and J. J. O'Brien, 1994: Spatial and temporal 26-day SST variations in the equatorial Indian Ocean using wavelet analysis, Geophys. Res. Letters, Vol. 21, No. 9, 777-780.

Meyers, G., R.J. Bailey and A.P. Worby, 1995 : Geostrophic transport of Indonesian throughflow. Deep Sea Res. Vol. 42. No. 7, p. 1163-1174.

Meyers, G., 1996 : Variation of the Indonesian throughflow and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 101. No. C5, p. 12 255-12 263.

Meyers, G., Pigot, L., 1999: Analysis of frequently repeated XBT lines in the Indian Ocean. Australia CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report, No. 238, 43pp.

Meyers, S.D., S. Basu, J.J. O'Brien, 1998: TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry captures cycles of the Indian Ocean. International WOCE Newsletter, 31, 41-42.

Michida, Y, and H. Yoritaka, 1996: Surface currents in the area of the Indo-Pacific throughflow and in the tropical Indian Ocean observed with surface drifters. J. Geophys. Res. 101(5): 12 475-12 482.

Mintrop, L., Kortzinger, A., Duinker, J.C., 1999: The carbon dioxide system in the northwestern Indian Ocean during south-west monsoon. Marine Chemistry, 64(4), 315-336.

Miyama, T., Awaji, T., Akitomo, K., Imasato, N., 1995: Study of seasonal transport variations in the Indonesian Seas Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(C10), 20517-20541.

Miyama, Toru, Toshiyuki Awaji, Kazunori Akitomo, and Norihisa Imasato, 1996: A Lagrangian Approach to the Seasonal Variation of Salinity in the Mixed Layer of the Indonesian Seas. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 12,265-12,285.

Molcard R., M. Fieux and A.G.Ilahude, 1996: The Indo-Pacific throughflow in the Timor Passage. J. Geophys. Res. 101(5): 12411-12420.

Monahan, A.H., 2001: Nonlinear principal component analysis: tropical Indo-Pacific sea surface temperature and sea level pressure. Journal of Climate, 14(2), 219-233.

Molcard, R., M. Fieux, J.C. Swallow, A.G. Ilahude and J. Banjarnahor, 1994 : Low frequency variability of the currents in the Indonesian channels (Savu-Roti and Roti-Ashmore Reef). Deep Sea Res. Vol. 41. No. 11/12, p. 1643-1661.

Molinari, R.L., D. Olson, and G. Reverdin, 1990: Surface current distributions in the tropical Indian Ocean derived from compilations of surface buoy trajectories, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 7217-7238.

Moore, D.W. and D.L.T. Anderson, 1979: Cross equatorial inertial with special relevance to very remote forcing of the Somali Current. Deep Sea Res., Vol. 26A. , 1-22.

Moore, A.M., N.S. Cooper, D.L.T. Anderson, 1987: Initialization and Data Assimilation in Models of the Indian Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography: 17, No. 11, pp. 1965-1977

Moore, D.W. and J.P. McCreary, 1990: Excitation of intermediate frequency equatorial waves at a western ocean boundary: With application to observations from the western Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 95., C4. p.5219-5231.

Moore, M.D., D.P. Schrag and M. Kashgarian, 1997: Coral radiocarbon constraints on the source of the Indonesian throughflow. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 102., C6. p.12 359-12 365.

Morales, R. A., E. D. Barton, K. J. Heywood, 1996: Variability of water masses in the western Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101(C6), 14027-14038.

Morey, S.L., J.F. Shriver, and J.J. O'Brien, 1999: The effects of halmahera on the Indonesian Throughflow, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 23,281-296.

Morozov, E.G., Vlasenko, V.I., 1996: Extreme tidal internal waves near the Mascarene Ridge. Journal of Marine Systems, 9(3/4), 203-210.

Morrison, J. M., 1997 Intermonsoonal changes in the T-S properties of the near-surface waters of the northern Arabian Sea Geophys. Res. Lett. Vol. 24 , No. 21 , p. 2553.

Morrison, J.M., 1998: Seasonal variation of hydrographic and nutrient fields during the US JGOFS Arabian Sea Process Study. Deep-Sea Research II, 45(10/11), 2053-2101.

Morrison, J.M., Codispoti, L.A., Smith, S.L., Wishner, K., Flagg, C., Gardner, W.D., Gaurin, S., Naqvi, S.W.A., Manghani, V., Prosperie, L., Gundersen, J.S., 1999 The oxygen minimum zone in the Arabian Sea during 1995. Deep-Sea Research II, 46(8/9), 1903-1931.

Morrow, R. and F. Birol, 1997 : Variability in the south-east Indian Ocean from altimetry - forcing mechanisms for the Leeuwin Current. Subm. J. Geophys. Res. Vol.103(C9), p.18 529-18 544.

Mukherjee, B.K., K. Indira, R.S. Reddy, Bh.V. Ramana Murty, 1985: Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in Stratospheric Zonal Wind and Indian Summer Monsoon. Monthly Weather Review: Vol. 113, No. 8, pp. 1421–1424.

Murakami, Takio, Tetsuo Nakazawa, 1985: Transition from the Southern to Northern Hemisphere Summer Monsoon. Monthly Weather Review: Vol. 113, No. 9, pp. 1470-1486.

Murray, S.P., Johns, W., 1997: Direct observations of seasonal exchange through the Bab el Mandab Strait. Geophysical Research Letters, 24(21), 2557-2560.

Murray, S.P. and Arief, D., 1988: Throughflow into the Indian Ocean through the Lombok Strait. January 1985-January 1986. Nature 333: 444-447.

Murtugudde, R., A.J. Busalacchi and J. Beauchamp, 1998: Seasonnal to Interannual effects of the Indonesian throughflow on the tropical Indo-Pacific basin. J. Geophys. Res., Vol.103., C10, p.21 425-21 441.

Murtugudde, R., S. Signorini, J. Christian, A. Busalacchi, and C. McClain, 1999: Ocean color variability of the tropical Indo-Pacific basin observed by SeaWiFS during 1997-98. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 18,351-18,366.

Murtugudde, R., and A. Busalacchi, 1999: Interannual variability of the dynamics and thermodynamics of the tropical Indian Ocean. J. Clim., 12,2300-2326.

Murtugudde, R., J. McCreary, and A. Busalacchi, 2000: Oceanic processes associated with anomalous events in the Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(C2), 3295-3306.

Murty V.S.N, B.Subrahmanyam, L.V.Gangadhara Rao and G.V. Reddy (1998). Seasonal variation of sea surface temperature in the Bay of Bengal during 1992 as derived from NOAA-AVHRR SST data. Int. J. Remote.Sens. 19,2361-2372.

Murty, V.S.N., Sarma, M.S.S., Lambata, B.P., Gopalakrishna, V.V., Pednekar, S.M., Rao, A.S., Luis, A.J., Kaka, A.R., Rao, L.V.G., 2000: Seasonal variability of upper-layer geostrophic transport in the tropical Indian Ocean during 1992-1996 along TOGA-I XBT tracklines. Deep-Sea Research I, 47(8),1569-1582.

Miyama, Toru, Toshiyuki Awaji, Kazunori Akitomo, and Norihisa Imasato, 1995: Study of Seasonal Transport Variations in the Indonesian Seas. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 20517-20541.

Nagai, T., Y. Kitamura, M. Endoh, T. Tokioka, 1995: Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model Simulations of El Niño/Southern Oscillation with and without an Active Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate: Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 3-14.

Naidu, P.D., Kumar, M.R.R., Babu, V.R., 1999: Time and space variations of monsoonal upwelling along the west and east coasts of India. Continental Shelf Research, 19(4), 559-572.

Nakamoto S., J. Oberhuber, K. Ueyoshi, J. She and K. Muneyama, 1996: A simulation of Indonesian throughflow with a mixed layer-isopycnal ocean general circulation model. Proceedings of the international workshop on ocean climate variations from seasonal to decades with special emphasis on Pacific ocean buoy network (To be published by JAMSTEC).

Nicholls, Neville, 1995: All-India Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Sea Surface Temperatures around Northern Australia and Indonesia. Journal of Climate: Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 1463–1472.

Nicholson, S.E., 1997: An analysis of the ENSO signal in the tropical Atlantic and western Indian Oceans. International Journal of Climatology, 17(4), 345-375.

Nigam, Sumant, 1994: On the Dynamical Basis for the Asian Summer Monsoon Rainfall-El Niño Relationship. Journal of Climate: Vol. 7, No. 11, pp. 1750–1771.

Nof, D., 1995: Choked flows and wind-driven interbasin exchange. Journ. of Marine Res. 53, 23-48.

Nof, D., 1996: What controls the origin of the throughflow? J. Geophys. Res., Vol.101., C5, p.12 301-12 314.

O'Brien, J. J., and H. E. Hurlburt, 1974: Equatorial jet in the Indian Ocean: Theory, Science, 184, 1075-1077.

Olson, D.B., Fine, R.A., Gordon, A.L., 1992: Convective modifications of water masses in the Agulhas. Deep-Sea Research, 39(Suppl. 1), 163-181.

Pal, P. K., 1991: Cyclone Track Prediction over the North Indian Ocean. Monthly Weather Review: Vol. 119, No. 12, pp. 3095–3098.

Park, Y.-H., Gamberoni, L., 1995: Large-scale circulation and its variability in the south Indian Ocean from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(C12), 24911-24929.

Pearce, R.P., U.C. Mohanthy, 1984: Onsets of The Asian Summer Monsoon 1979-82. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences: Vol. 41, No. 9, pp. 1620-1639.

Pearce, A., Pattiarachi, C., 1999: The Capes Current: a summer countercurrent flowing past Cape Leeuwin and Cape Naturaliste, Western Australia. Continental Shelf Research, 19(3), 401-420.

Périgaud, C. and P. Delecluse, 1992 : Annual sea level variations in the southern tropical Indian Ocean from Geosat and shallow-water simulations. J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 97. No. C12, p. 20 169-20 178.

Périgaud, C. and P. Delecluse, 1992 : Low-frequency sea level variations in the Indian Ocean from Geosat altimeter and shallow-water simulations. Trends in Phys. Oceanog. Vol. 1, p. 85-110.

Perigaud, Claire, Pascale Delecluse, 1993: Interannual Sea Level Variations in the Tropical Indian Ocean from Geosat and Shallow Water Simulations. Journal of Physical Oceanography: Vol. 23, No. 9, pp. 1916–1934.

Peter, B.N., Mizuno, K., 2000: Annual cycle of steric height in the Indian Ocean estimated from the thermal field. Deep-Sea Research I, 47(7), 1351-1368.

Pichevin, T., Nof, D., Lutjeharms, J., 1999: Why are there Agulhas Rings? Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29(4), 693-707.

Philander, S. G. H., and P. Delecluse, 1983: Coastal currents in low latitudes (with application to the Somali and El Niño currents). Deep-Sea Res., Vol. 30 (8A), 887-902.

Piola, Alberto R., Arnold L. Gordon, 1984: Pacific and Indian Ocean Upper-Layer Salinity Budget. Journal of Physical Oceanography: Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 747-753.

Plahn, O., Rhein, M., Fine, R.A., Sullivan, K.F., 1999: Pollutants from the Gulf war serve as water mass tracer in the Arabian Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 26(1), 71-74.

Pollard, R.T., Read, J.F., et al., 1995: RRS Discovery Cruise 213, 06 Jan-21 Feb 1995. South West Indian Ocean Experiment (SWINDEX).Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, Cruise Report No. 247, 104pp.

Ponte, Rui M., James Luyten, 1990: Deep Velocity Measurements in the Western Equatorial Indian Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography: Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 44–52.

Porathur, V.J., J.K. Eischeid and R.J. Pyle, 1994 : Interannual variability of the onset of the Indian Summer monsoon and its association with atmospheric features, El Niño, and sea surface temperature anomalies. J. of Clim. Vol. 7, p. 81-105.

Potemra, J.T., M.E. Luther and J. O'Brien, 1991 : The seasonal circulation of the upper ocean in the Bay of Bengal. Journ. Geophys. Res. Vol. 96. No. C7, p. 12 667-12 683.

Potemra, J.T., R. Lukas and G.T. Mitchum, 1997: Large-scale estimation of transport from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean. Journ. Geophys. Res. Vol. 102. No. C13, p.27 795-27 812.

Potemra, J.T., 1999: Seasonnal Variability of upper ocean transport from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean via Indonesian straits. Journ. of Phys. Oceanog. Vol.29, No.11, p.2930-2944.

Potemra, J.T.., 1999: Contribution of equatorial Pacific winds to southern tropical Indian Ocean Rossby waves . J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 106 , No. C2 , p. 2407

Potemra, J. T. and R. Lukas, 1999: Seasonal to interannual modes of sea level variability in the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans. Geophys. Res. Let., 26, 365-368.

Potemra, J. T.,  1999: Seasonal variations of upper ocean transport from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean via Indonesian straits. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29(11), 2930-2944.

Potemra, J. T., S. L. Hautala and J. Sprintall, 2000: Interaction between the Indonesian Seas and the Indian Ocean in observations and numerical models. Manuscript in preparation.

Potemra, J. T., 2001: Contribution of equatorial Pacific winds to southern tropical Indian Ocean Rossby waves. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106(C2), 2407-2422.

Prasad, T. G. , and Bahulayan, N. (1996), Mixed layer depth and thermocline climatology of the Arabian Sea and Western Equatorial Indian Ocean., Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, Vol. 25, pp.189-194.

Prasad, T. G. (1997). Annual and seasonal mean buoyancy fluxes for the tropical Indian Ocean, Current Science, Vol. 73, No.8, pp. 667-674.

Prasanna Kumar, S. and Prasad, T. G. (1996) Winter cooling in the northern Arabian Sea, Special Vol. JGOFS, Current Science, Vol. 71, No. 11, pp. 834-841.

Prasanna Kumar, S. and Prasad, T. G., (1999). Formation and spreading of Arabian Sea High Salinity Water mass, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol, 104, No. C1, pp. 1455-1464.

Qiu, B., M. Mao, and Y. Kashino, 1999: Intraseasonal variability in the Indo-Pacific Throughflow and the regions surrounding the Indonesian Seas. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 1599--1618.

Qu, T., Meyers, G., Godfrey, J.S., Hu, D., 1994: Ocean dynamics in the region between Australia and Indonesia and its influence on the variation of sea surface temperature in a global general circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99(C9), 18433-18445.

Qu, T., 2000: Upper-layer circulation in the South China Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30(6), 1450-1460.

Quadfasel, D.R. and F. Schott, 1982: Water-mass distributions at intermediate layers off the Somali coast during the onset of the Southwest Monsoon, 1979. Journ. of Phys. Oceanog. Vol. 12, p.1358-1372.

Quadfasel, D.R. and F. Schott, 1983: Southward subsurface flow below the Somali Current. J. of Geophys. Res. Vol. 88, p. 5973-5979.

Quadfasel, D.R. and G. Cresswell, 1992: A note on the seasonal variability of the South Java Current. J. Geophys. Res., 97, 3685 - 3688.

Quadfasel, D.R., A. Frische, and G. Cresswell, 1996: The circulation in the source area of the South Equatorial Current in the eastern Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 101(C5), 12,483-12,488.

Quadfasel, D.R., J. Fischer, F. Schott, and L. Stramma, 1997: Deep water exchange through the Owen Fracture Zone in the Arabian Sea. Geophys. Res. Let., Vol. 24, #22, 2805-2808.